Double Vision Treatment, Diagnosis & Prevention | Diplopia Source
Double vision is a visual condition usually caused by an ocular misalignment that causes a person to perceive dual images of a single object moving horizontally, vertically, or diagonally with respect to each other. Double vision is also known as diplopia or ghost images.
Double Vision Classification
Diplopia or double vision is classified into two main categories:
1. Binocular Diplopia: Double vision is formed as a result of the misalignment of both eyes
2. Monocular Diplopia: Double vision is perceived in only one eye
Double Vision Symptoms
Major symptoms of double vision include:
- Blurred vision
- Eye pain, particularly when moving the eyes
- Eye weakness
- Loss of vision acuity
- Watery eyes
- Difficulty in distinguishing colors
- Difficulty in performing normal activities
What causes double vision?
There are a lot of underlying conditions that cause diplopia. A few of the most common are:
1. Corneal distortion. Corneal infection and damage like herpes zoster, keratoconus and pterygium may cause double vision.
2. Lens impairment. This may occur due to cataracts and other similar conditions.
3. Muscle weakness. Weak eye muscles, Myasthenia gravis, Graves’ disease, meningitis and high blood pressure are all likely to cause double vision.
4. Nerve disorders. Different conditions such as multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, and wild diabetes may harm the nerves, resulting in double vision.
5. Brain ailments. Various brain conditions such as brain tumors, strokes, aneurysms, migraine headaches, trauma, brain injuries and brain swelling may induce double vision.
6. Eye surgeryLASIK may also cause diplopia.
Prevention of Double Vision - How to Prevent Double Vision
While double vision can't be always be prevented, it's a good idea to follow these prevention tips in order to minimize the risk:
• Make sure to protect your head and eyes at all times. Use a seatbelt when you are in a car.
• Wear eye and head protection if there's any possibility of damage.
• Control diabetes.
• Control blood pressure and colesterol.
• Eat antioxidant rich food like green leafy vegetables.
• Avoid eye surgery if at all possible.
Double vision may last anywhere from a few hours to a lifetime. Fortunately, there is treatment available for the permanent form of double vision.
Double Vision Treatment
Treatment options include:
• Prism vision therapy
• Eye exercises
• Eye protection shields and eye patch wearing
• Eye surgery
• Wearing contact lenses or eye glasses
It's very important to visit your doctor in order to determine the actual cause of this condition. Your doctor will then prescribe appropriate treatment and even suggest surgery if deemed necessary.