Eye Allergy - Everything About Eye Allergies
Eye allergies are often easy to overlook or disregard because their symptoms are not always very apparent. It seldom occurs by itself, as it often accompanies nasal allergy symptoms such as sniffing and a stuffy nose. It's important to understand the causes of your eye allergy if you want to know how to get rid of it for good.
What Causes Eye Allergies?
Eye allergies occur when the body's immune system becomes more sensitive and overreacts to something harmless. The allergen leads to certain cells in the eye to release histamine and other substances that cause eye swelling, itchiness and red eyes.
Allergens that may be present indoors or outdoors can lead to eye allergies. Some common allergens include:
- Pet hair
Additionally, cigarette smoke, perfume and other chemicals can cause allergy-like symptoms or make your existing allergy problem worse. If you're not sure, try avoiding smoking and applying perfume for a couple of days and see if your condition improves.
Who is Affected?
Eye allergies harm one in five Americans. People with poor health are more susceptible to eye allergies. Eye allergies are much more frequent when we are outdoors, but they can occur anywhere.
How are they Caused?
Eye allergies, like all other types of allergies, are simply your immune system's attempt to repel something harmless which is seen as a threat. It all starts when the conjunctiva comes in contact with an allergen. Your immune system then creates antibodies to protect your organism, causing the eyes to release histamine and other substances. This makes your eyes red, itchy and watery.
Can Eye Allergies Cause Permanent Damage to my Eyes?
Although eye allergies can be very uncomfortable and even lead to eye pain and a burning eyes sensation, they are very rarely dangerous. If you notice that the allergy spreads to other parts of your face, or if it's very uncomfortable or getting worse, consult an specialist as soon as possible.
How are Eye Allergies Treated?
The simplest way to treat eye allergies is to simply get rid of the allergens causing the allergy in the first place. Identifying them can be hard at first, but if you're unsure contact an allergist who can test you in different ways to find out what is causing the allergy.
Additionally, you may opt to get medication if the allergy symptoms persist or they are affecting your quality of life. Although there is over-the-counter medication that is very effective, it's often a better idea to consult an allergist so he can give you the proper medication for your situation.