There are many types of visual disturbances and eye problems. Any change in your vision should always be promptly checked by a medical professional. Changes in your vision are almost always an indication of an underlying vision problem that could result in something more serious if left untreated.
Here you will find a list of the most common vision problems.
Acanthamoeba Keratitis – This rare eye infection mostly affects contact lens wearers.
Amblyopia – Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is one of the leading causes of vision impairment in persons under 40.
Astigmatism – Astigmatism is a common condition that results in blurry vision.
Bell's Palsy – This condition causes paralysis of facial muscles and often leads to vision impairment.
Blue Field Entoptic Phenomenon – Also known as the Scheerer's phenomenon, it's very common and not considered a serious condition.
Cataracts – They are a clouding of that occurs in the crystalline lens of the eye. They often lead to severe vision loss and are more common in older individuals. Cataracts surgery is a leading cause of eye floaters.
CMV Retinitis - CMV retinitis or cytomegalovirus retinitis is an eye condition characterized by the inflammation of the light-sensing cells in the retina and caused of a herpes-type virus.
Color Blindness – Color blindness is the decreased ability to identify and perceive the differences between some colors that are normally perceived by others.
Computer Vision Syndrome – A common condition that affects up to 50% of regular computer users.
Corneal Ulcer - A corneal ulcer, commonly known as an eyesore, is an ulcer on the surface of the cornea.
Diabetes – Although very common, it has been continuously reported as a direct cause of eye floaters.
Double Vision – Double Vision is a relatively rare condition.
Dry Eyes – If your eyes are constantly dry, you might be suffering from the dry eye syndrome.
Eye Allergies – A common vision problem is eye allergies.
Eye Floaters – Eye floaters are debris situated inside your vitreous humor.
Eye Flashes – Undoubtedly the most common condition that accompanies eye floaters is eye flashes. These are caused by the pulling on the retina from the floaters and are most common when exercising.
Eye Injuries – This article deals with everything related to eye injuries.
Eye Occlusions - Eye occlusions appear when blood flow through vessels supplying the eyes is altered by a blockage. This prevents oxygen and nutrients from reaching the ocular globes and may lead to vision impairments and even eye strokes if not treatment is applied in time.
Eye Twitching - Eye twitches, or blephorospasms, are involuntary spasms of the eyelid that usually occur sporadically every couple of seconds.
Fuchs' Corneal Dystropphy - Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy is a progressive disorder affecting the cornea, transparent layer situated in the front part of the eye and covering the anterior chamber, the iris and pupil.
Glaucoma – Glaucoma is a problem in which the optic nerve becomes damaged.
Higher-Order Aberrations - Higher-order aberrations are complex deviations from normal vision, much severe than astigmatism or nearsightedness and manifested as distortions acquired by wavefronts of light passing through the various refractive components in ocular globes – the tear film, cornea, the aqueous humor, the lens and vitreous humor.
Hyperopia – Also known as farsightedness, hyperopia is having more difficulty in seeing nearby objects than distant objects.
Keratoconus - Keratoconus is the term used for defining an eye disorder occurring when the cornea’s shape becomes irregular and the tissue layers composing the front surface of your eyes become thinner.
Macular Degeneration – Macular degeneration is a vision disorder that usually happens as people get older. The macula is the part of the eye that processes details.
Macular Dystrophy - Macular dystrophy is a rare disease of the eye that causes gradual vision loss by slowly damaging the cells of the macula within the retina.
Macular Holes – If you ever experience a sudden loss of vision, it's very likely that you have developed a macular hole.
Nearsightedness – This condition affects up to one third of the population. It often leads to being more aware of eye floaters and it has been reported that those with nearsightedness are at a greater risk of developing eye floaters.
Night Blindness – As the name suggest, night blindness is the difficulty of seeing objects in the dark.
Nystagmus - Nystagmus is a vision disorder that causes the eyeballs to move back and forth or up and down uncontrollably.
Ocular Albinism – This rare condition affects people with albinism.
Ocular Hypertension - Ocular hypertension appears when the pressure inside one or both eyes exceeds the normal values, ranging between 10 and 21 mmHg in a healthy organism.
Ocular Migraine – Ocular migraines are probably more common than you think. They involve the appearance of a star-shaped object in your vision.
Ocular Rosacea - Ocular rosacea appears in about half of all rosacea sufferers, this condition being characterized by inflammatory processes affecting the skin on face, forehead, cheeks, nose and chin.
Optic Neuritis – Optic neuritis is the inflammation of the optic nerve.
Photophobia - Photophobia in an eye condition defined by increased sensitivity to light.
Pinguecula and Pterygium - Pinguecula and Pterygium are 2 types of very similar eye growths that are often mistaken for one another.
Ptosis or blepharoptosis - Ptosis, or blepharoptosis, is a condition in which the upper eyelid(s) droop uncontrollably.
Retinal Detachment – This condition occurs more frequently in older individuals. It's very dangerous and should be completely understood in order to take proper action should your retina ever detach.
Strabismus - Strabismus is a vision disorder characterized by the inability of the eyes to align themselves and work in conjunction.
Stargardst's Disease - Stargardt’s disease or fundus flavimaculatus is an inherited eye condition similar to age-related macular degeneration but appearing mostly in children and young adults.
Sjogren's Syndrome - The Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disorder affecting one’s mucous membranes and moisture-secreting glands in eyes and mouth.
Tunnel Vision – This article explores the condition known as "tunnel vision" in depth.
Who to Consult?
-Opticians dispense eye glasses and will rarely diagnose problems.
-Ophthalmologists diagnose and treat vision problems. They can also perform surgery most of the time. If you suffer from any of the conditions listed above, you should consult an ophthalmologist first.
-Optometrists usually focus their practice in performing eye exams. They can also prescribe reading glasses and, in some locations, treat certain eye diseases.
It's considered a medical emergency if:
-You have a sensation of a curtain being pulled from the side or top of your eye.
-You experience double vision for any period of time.
-You see blind spots or halos.
-You experience eye pain.
-You see a sudden appearance of eye floaters.
If you experience any of the above symptoms you should call 911 or be taken to a hospital by a family member immediately. Many vision problems are reversible only if treated promptly.
A good way to test your vision for anomalies is with the help of a vision test.
Vision problems are something to avoid at all costs. It's a good idea to improve your lifestyle in order to have a healthier body. If you find yourself with eye problems, don't despair. Medicine has gone a long way and there are many treatment options available nowadays. Additionally, not all eye problems are equally common. Make sure to visit the most common vision problems for more information about the eye problems most likely to affect you.
If you are past the age of 40, you should read about the age-related eye problems.
How to Take Care of your Vision
Taking care of your vision is very important. Learn how you can take care of your vision and preserve it for many, many years.